# FSI Yoruba Basic Course

## What is the FSI Yoruba Basic Course?

This FSI Yoruba course begins with an extensive collection of tone drills to help the learner master this challenging aspect of the language. Following this, there are a further 49 units consisting of dialogs that introduce vocabulary and new aspects of the Yoruba language.

Unfortunately, the student text that is supposed to accompany the audio recordings is not currently available, making this course less practical to use in its current form than it would otherwise have been.

## How was FSI Yoruba Basic originally used?

FSI Yoruba was originally created for US diplomatic staff who were preparing for postings in areas where Yoruba is spoken.

They attended around six hours of classes per day, during which they spoke only Yoruba, and this was followed up by a further two hours of individual study.

Even outside of class, they were encouraged to speak Yoruba among themselves, so that after only around six months of learning, they were able to acquire a sufficiently advanced level in the language to perform the duties necessary for their roles abroad.

## How can you use FSI Yoruba Basic?

Since the text accompanying the course is currently unavailable, the audio recordings alone will be of limited use, and if you have no other coursebook to refer to, you won’t be able to make much progress using just these materials.

However, if you have other resources to study, the tone drills may be useful in helping you master the pronunciation of Yoruba, and if you already have some basic Yoruba, the dialogs can also be used to work on your listening skills.

Hopefully, in the future, I will be able to locate the accompanying text and upload it to the site, which will make this course more useful to those who have no access to any other Yoruba course materials.

## Taking it further

If you want to learn Yoruba, whether with this free Yoruba course or with any other resources you have available, you will need to take your language skills out into the real world and try them out.

Look for native Yoruba speakers who can help you practice and make sure you take every opportunity to practice your Yoruba. Above all, make using Yoruba a part of your daily life, because when you do this, you will see that your abilities in this language really start to improve.

## Pronunciation

### Pronunciation Discussion

### Pronunciation Drill b vs. gb

### Pronunciation Drill gb vs. p

## Tones

### Tone Discussion

- The Tones of Yoruba, pXVI
- Tonal Differences Among Speakers of Yoruba, pXIX
- Vowel Length, pXIX
- Condensation', pXXI
- Tone Drills, pXXI

### Tone Drills Series I

- 1. Low Rise vs. Low Low, p1
- 2. High Fall vs. High High, p2
- 3. Low Rise vs. High Fall, p3
- 4. High High vs. Mid High, p5
- 5. High Mid vs. Mid Mid, p7
- 6. Mid Mid vs. Low Mid, p9
- 7. High High vs. High Mid, p11
- 8. Mid High vs. Mid Mid, p13
- 9. Mid Mid vs. Mid Low, p15
- 10. Low Mid vs. Low Low, p17
- 11. Mid High vs. Low Rise, p19
- 12. High Fall vs. Mid Low, p22
- 13. Mid Low vs. Low Low, p24
- 14. High Mid vs. High Fall, p26
- 15. Low Rise vs. Low Mid, p28
- 16. Mid High vs. Low Mid, p30
- 17. High Mid vs. Mid Low, p32
- 18. High High vs. Mid Mid, p34
- 19. Mid Mid vs. Low Low, p36
- 20. Review, p39
- 21. One mora vs. two, level pitch, p40
- 22. One mora vs. two, glides, p42
- 23. High Mid vs. High Second, p44
- 24. Rise vs. Fall in larger context, p46
- 25. High Rise High vs. High Mid High, p47
- 26. High Mid High vs. High Second High, p47
- 27. High High Fall vs. High X Low, p48
- 28. Low vs. Fall, p48
- 29. High Mid vs. High X, p48
- 30. Alternating Rises and Falls, p49

### Tone Drills Series II

- Tone contrasts on two-more vowels
- 1. Low-RISE LOW-Mid vs. Low-LOW LOW-Mid, p53
- 2. Low-HIGH LOW-Mid vs. Low-MID LOW-Mid, p53
- 3. Combination of Drills 1 and 2, p54
- 4. Extension of Drill 3 to segmentally diverse utterances, p54
- 5. Mid-HIGH LOW-Mid vs. Mid-MID LOW-Mid, p55
- 6. Mid-MID LOW-Mid vs. Mid-LOW LOW-Mid, p55
- 7. Extension of Drills 5 and 6 to segmentally diverse utterances, p55
- 8. Combination of all preceding drills, p56
- 9. High-HIGH LOW-Mid vs. High-MID LOW-Mid, p56
- 10. High-FALL LOW-Mid vs. High-MID LOW-Mid, p57
- 11. High-HIGH LOW-Mid vs. High-FALL LOW-Mid, p57
- 12. Combination of Drills 9, 10 and 11, p57
- 13. Extension of Drill 12 to segmentally diverse utterances, p58
- 14. Mid-HIGH MID-Mid vs. Mid-MID MID-Mid, p58
- 15. Mid-MID MID-Mid vs. Mid-LOW MID-Mid, p58
- 16. Combination of Drills 14 and 15, p58
- 17. Mid-HIGH MID-Low vs. Mid-MID MID-Low, p59
- 18. Mid-MID MID-Low vs. Mid-LOW MID-Low, p59
- 19. Extension of Drills 17 and 18 to segmentally diverse utterances, p59
- 20. Mid-MID LOW-Mid vs. Mid-MID MID-Low, p60
- 21. Mid-HIGH LOW-Mid vs. Mid-HIGH MID-Low, p60
- 22. Extension of Drills 20 and 21, p60
- 23. Low-RISE MID-Low vs. Low-MID MID-Low, p61
- 24. High-SECOND MID-Mid vs. High-SECOND SECOND-Mid, p61
- 25. High-MID MID-Low vs. High-SECOND SECOND-Low, p61
- 26. High-HIGH MID-Low vs. High-MID MID-Low, p62
- 27. High-SECOND LOW-Mid vs. High-MID LOW-Mid, p62
- 28. High-SECOND MID-Low vs. High-MID MID-Low, p63
- 29. High-SECOND Low-Mid vs. High-FALL LOW-Mid, p63

### Tone Drills Series III

## Unit 1

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p73
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p73
- C. Exercises, p75
- D. Supplementary Material Part 1, p75
- D. Supplementary Material Part 2, p76

## Unit 2

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p77
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p77
- C. Exercises, p79
- D. Supplementary Material Part 1, p80
- D. Supplementary Material Part 2, p80
- D. Supplementary Material Part 3, p80

## Unit 3

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p81
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p81
- C. Exercises, p83
- D. Supplementary Material, p84

## Unit 4

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p85
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p85
- C. Exercises Part 1, p87
- C. Exercises Part 2, p87
- D. Supplementary Material, p89

## Unit 5

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p90
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p90
- C. Exercises Part 1, p93
- C. Exercises Part 2, p93
- D. Supplementary Material, p94

## Unit 6

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p95
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p95
- C. Exercises Part 1, p97
- C. Exercises Part 2, p97
- D. Supplementary Material, p98

## Unit 7

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p99
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p99
- C. Exercises Part 1, p101
- C. Exercises Part 2, p102
- D. Supplementary Material Part 1, p103
- D. Supplementary Material Part 2, p103
- D. Supplementary Material Part 3, p104

## Unit 8

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p104
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p104
- C. Exercises Part 1, p106
- C. Exercises Part 2, p106
- D. Supplementary Material Part 1, p107
- D. Supplementary Material Part 2, p108

## Unit 9

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p108
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p108
- C. Exercises Part 1, p110
- C. Exercises Part 2, p111
- D. Supplementary Material, p111

## Unit 10

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p112
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p112
- C. Exercises Part 1, p114
- C. Exercises Part 2, p115
- C. Exercises Part 3, p116
- D. Supplementary Material Part 1, p116
- D. Supplementary Material Part 2, p118

## Unit 11

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p120
- A. Basic Diague for Fluency, p120
- C. Exercises Part 1, p121
- C. Exercises Part 2, p122
- C. Exercises Part 3, p122
- D. Supplementary Material Part 1, p123
- D. Supplementary Material Part 2, p124

## Unit 12

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p125
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p125
- C. Exercises Part 1, p127
- C. Exercises Part 2, p127
- C. Exercises Part 3, p128
- C. Exercises Part 4, p128
- D. Supplementary Material, p129

## Unit 13

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p130
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p130
- C. Exercises Part 1, p132
- C. Exercises Part 2, p133
- C. Exercises Part 3, p133
- C. Exercises Part 4, p133
- D. Supplementary Material Part 1, p134
- D. Supplementary Material Part 2, p135

## Unit 14

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p136
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p136
- C. Exercises, p138
- D. Supplementary Material, p138

## Unit 15

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p139
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p139
- C. Exercises, p141
- D. Supplementary Material Part 1, p142
- D. Supplementary Material Part 2, p142

## Unit 16

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p143
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p143
- C. Exercises Part 1, p145
- C. Exercises Part 2, p145
- C. Exercises Part 3, p146
- D. Supplementary Material Part 1, p147
- D. Supplementary Material Part 2, p147

## Unit 17

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p148
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p148
- C. Exercises Part 1, p149
- C. Exercises Part 2, p150
- D. Supplementary Material, p150

## Unit 18

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p157
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p157
- C. Exercises Part 1, p159
- C. Exercises Part 2, p160
- D. Supplementary Material Part 1, p160
- D. Supplementary Material Part 2, p161

## Unit 19

## Unit 20

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p166
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p166
- C. Exercises, p167
- D. Supplementary Material, p168

## Unit 21

## Unit 22

## Unit 23

## Unit 24

## Unit 25

## Unit 26

## Unit 27

## Unit 28

## Unit 29

## Unit 30

## Unit 31

## Unit 32

## Unit 33

## Unit 34

## Unit 35

## Unit 36

## Unit 37

## Unit 38

## Unit 39

## Unit 40

## Unit 41

## Unit 42

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p242
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p242
- C. Exercises, p244
- C. Exercises (cont'd), p244

## Unit 43

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p247
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p247
- List of Monetary Terms, p249
- C. Exercises, p250

## Unit 44

- A. Basic Dialogue for Learning, p252
- A. Basic Dialogue for Fluency, p252
- Names of some kinds of edible animals, p254
- C. Exercises, p254

## Unit 45

## Unit 46

## Unit 47

## Unit 48